Sex education programs that are effective:
- Focus on reducing one or more sexual behaviors that lead to unintended pregnancy or HIV/STD infection.
- Use social learning theories that have been used by other health promotion programs that are succesful.
- Give clear messages.
- Provide basic, accurate information about the risks of unprotected intercourse and ways to avoid unprotected intercourse.
- Include activities that address social pressures on sexual behaviors.
- Provide modeling and practice of communication, negotiation, and refusal skills.
- Use a variety of teaching methods to involve students and get them to personalize the information.
- Incorporate information appropriate to the age, sexual experience, and culture of the students.
- Last long enough to complete important activities adequately.
- Select teachers or peers who believe in the program and provide training for them.
(Salkind, Neil J. (ed.), Child Development – Macmillan Psychology Reference Series. New York: Macmillan, 2002, p.359)